Folic acid and human reproduction—ten important issues for clinicians

Beth Dunlap, Kantha Shelke, Shala A Salem, Louis G Keith

Abstract


This article presents data on the current best evidence-based clinical practices and controversies surrounding folic acid supplementation/fortification for the prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs) during early pregnancy. Formatted as a series of ten clinical questions, answers and extensive discussion are provided for each point. We assess the history and evidence behind supplementation and fortification, racial/ethnic disparities in NTDs on a global scale, and present information on risk factors for NTDs other than dietary folic acid deficiency. Also discussed are public health challenges, including disparities in NTD rates, population-wide
monitoring of NTDs, and tracking safety data in the post-fortification era. Emerging data are also reviewed regarding the role folic acid may play in malignant processes, cardiovascular disease, male fertility, and other medical conditions.

Full Text:

full text (PDF)


Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction (JECAR)

Published by The Sims Institute Press Ltd Dublin, Los Angeles & New York 2008-2014